Disorders Related to IDD

Spectrum of Iodine Deficiency Disorders

Age Group

Effects

Mortality

Morbidity

Fetus • Spontaneous abortions

• Stillbirths

• ↑Perinatal mortality

• Birth defects

• Defects of speech & hearing

• Psychomotor defects

• Cretinism

Neonate • ↑Neonatal mortality • Neonatal Goitre

• Neonatal Hypothyroidism

Children & adolescents • Goitre

• Hypothyroidism

• Retarded physical development

• Impaired mental function
(¯13 IQ points)

Adults • Goitre& its complications

• Hypothyroidism

• Impaired mental function

• Iodine induced hyperthyroidism

Severe Brain Damage: Tip of the Iceberg